Toan farewell party

January 30th, 2013 Comments off

P20130130-ToanFarewell-sm

P20130130-ToanFarewell2-sm

At a cozy Italian restaurant near Ulsan University.

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Runtime and Install-time Binary Translation for Reconfigurable Accelerators

January 28th, 2013 Comments off

In his masters thesis defense on Jan 9th, 2013, Toan presented an approach called Runtime Binary Translation (RBT) that can dynamically make use of the CGRA accelerator existing in a CGRA-based reconfigurable computing system to speedup the execution of application intermediate representation (IR) on top of a just-in-time (JIT) compiler.  A simpler approach called Install-time Binary Translation (IBT) based on RBT is also proposed. Here is the abstract of the thesis. ūüėÄ

Nowadays, softwares are often distributed in form of some machine-independent intermediate representation (IR), because compared to machine-dependent native binary, the IR is more portable across a wide range of architectures, has better security, and contains richer semantic information. However, the problem of making use of the accelerator in a target machine to speedup the execution of the IR on top of a just-in-time compiler (JIT) is challenging, mainly because the discovery of compute-intensive kernels and the partitioning of the application to the kernel and sequential parts must be done based on the IR alone, without the access to the program source code as well as the kernel information in the IR.

In this work, we propose a Runtime Binary Translation (RBT) technique that can dynamically identify and translate kernels IR to Coarse-Grained Reconfigurable Array (CGRA) accelerator configuration, and offload the execution of the kernels onto the accelerator. Also, we simplify the RBT approach to make the Install-time Binary Translation (IBT) approach, which does the partitioning and the translation right at the install-time instead of at the runtime. Experimental results show that our RBT and IBT techniques can improve the runtime of the application IR by 1.44 times and 1.61 times, respectively, compare to the runtime on the JIT that does not support making use of the accelerator.

 

Runtime Binary Translation Virtual Machine Optimized Design

Which editor — emacs vs vim?

January 11th, 2013 Comments off

With Emacs you are expected to have it open 24/7 and live inside the program, almost everything you do can be done from there. You write your own extensions, use it for note taking, organisation, games, programming, shell access, file access, listening to music, web browsing. It takes weeks and weeks till you will be happy with it and then you will learn new stuff all the time. You will be annoyed when you don’t have access to it and constantly change your config. You won’t be able to use other people’s Emacs versions easily and it won’t just be installed. It uses Lisp, which is great. You can make it into anything you want it to be. (anything, at all)

With vim, it’s almost always pre-installed. It’s fast. You open up a file, do a quick edit and then quit. You can work with the basic setup if you are on someone else’s machine. It’s not quite so editable; but it’s still far better than most text editors. It recognises that most of the time you are reading/editing not typing and makes that portion faster. You don’t suffer from¬†emacs pinkie. It’s not so infuriating. It’s easier to learn.

Even though I use Emacs all day every day (and love it) unless you intend to spend a lot of time in the program you choose I would pick vim

via http://stackoverflow.com/a/1433315

The best summary that I have seen on the differences between the two editors. Conclusion? You need both!

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Toan Passes Thesis Defense

January 10th, 2013 Comments off

Congratulations, Toan!

Yesterday, January 9, Toan successfully defended his thesis on Runtime and Install-time Binary Translation for Reconfigurable Accelerators. Though there are some minor things he has to finish before he can get the approval signatures from the committee members, the thesis committee was in general agreement that he did a good job for a masters degree, based on his achievements during the graduate program and his thesis writing.

Now that he is seeking an industry career at the moment, the ICCL lab wishes him a good luck in his career and a good fortune too! ūüôā

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CSE211 Intro to PL – Textbook Change

November 2nd, 2012 Comments off

Important Notice

To students taking CSE211: Introduction to Programming Languages, in the 3rd term of 2012.

The required textbook for this course is changed to Concepts of Programming Languages by Robert W. Sebesta, 10th edition, Addison-Wesley. You can purchase the textbook at the campus bookstore or online.

Jongeun Lee, The Instructor

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Seminar Schedule

September 16th, 2012 Comments off

Seminar Schedule for September/October (Place is EB1 E204 unless noted otherwise.)

Cloud Random Access Network (C-RAN)

  • Speaker:¬†Dr. Saewoong Bahk, Seoul National University
  • Date:¬†September 19
  • Title:¬†Evolution of Wi-Fi on Cloud-RAN: Complementary Utilization of Unlicensed Spectrum

Flash Memory Technology

  • Speaker: Dr. Taehoon Kim, Intel-Micron joint R&D team for memory devices
  • Date: September 26
  • Title: Challenges & Future Directions for Flash & Emerging Nonvolatile memories for 2D & 3D realization

Automotive

  • Speaker: Dr. Seungyoung Ahn, KAIST
  • Date: October 10
  • Title: Future Green Transportation with Wireless Power Transfer Technology

Mobile Application Processor

  • Speaker: Dr. Jeong-Ho Woo, Texas Instruments
  • Date: October 23
  • Title: Design Paradigm of Mobile Application Processor

Multiprocessor Architecture: Design and Implementation

  • Speaker: Dr. Jongmyon Kim, University of Ulsan
  • Date: October 24
  • Title: Mobile Multimedia Supercomputer Design
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Paper accepted to FPT as oral presentation

August 8th, 2012 Comments off

Our paper titled “Software-Managed Automatic Data Sharing for¬†Coarse-Grained Reconfigurable Coprocessors” is accepted as an oral presentation in the¬†International Conference on Field Programming Technology (FPT) 2012, which will be held in Seoul, Dec 10~12.

Congratulations to those who participated in this work!

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Wanted: Undergraduate Students interested in AI (Artificial Intelligence) or HW design

August 8th, 2012 Comments off


Yes, you read it correctly. ¬†It’s a rare combination of AI (Artificial Intelligence) and HW (Hardware) design skills, that is in want.

There is a national and an international competition that is scheduled around October, on FPGA designs that can play the “Connect-6” game. The connect-6 game is a variation of “Five-in-a-Row” (or Omok as is called in Korea), and the trick is that you have to make a hardware in FPGA that can play the game in real-time. The timing constraint is 1 min, and you have to come up with the best solution within the min — otherwise you’ll forfeit your chance to make a move.

*Highlights of this competition

  • First place winner of the national level will be given a very prestigious MKE-ministry award (žßÄžčĚÍ≤Ĺž†úŽ∂Ä žě•ÍīÄžÉĀ).
  • National level winners will enter the international level.
  • International level winners will be recognized with cash prizes during an international conference (FPT), and their design summary will be published in the conference proceedings.

More details can be found in the conference website.

Sounds interesting? ¬†Contact the lab.¬†Don’t worry if you don’t have any knowledge/experience with AI or HW design — not expected (but you should be at least a junior majoring in ECE).

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Front page changed

August 3rd, 2012 Comments off

Some dynamic elements are added to the front page, which now shows a slideshow instead of a random picture. The slideshow controls are also provided (previous, next, and pause/resume). The previous and next buttons are easy to spot, but where is the pause/resume button?

The answer is the page number.

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Reducing communication overhead (1) — shared memory approach

May 26th, 2012 Comments off

In a computer system employing on-chip accelerator processors such as streaming co-processor or reconfigurable hardware co-processor, it is vital to minimize communication overhead lest the communication overhead cancel out any performance improvement by the co-processor accelerator.

Our first cut approach to this problem, tailored to reconfigurable hardware co-processors that we’ve been working with, is an on-chip shared memory that is little more intelligent than just a scratch-pad memory but less so than a cache. We call it Configurable Range Memory (CRM). Here is an article introducing its basic ideas.

Application-specific hardware and reconfigurable processors can dramatically speed up compute-intensive kernels of  applications, offloading the burden of main processor.  To minimize the communication overhead in such a coprocessor  approach, the two processors can share an on-chip memory, which may be considered by each processor as a scratchpad  memory.  However, this setup poses a significant challenge to the main processor, which now must manage data on the  scratchpad explicitly, often resulting in superfluous data copy.  This paper presents an enhancement to scratchpad,  called Configurable Range Memory (CRM), that can reduce the need for explicit management and thus reduce data  copy and promote data reuse on the shared memory.  Our experimental results using benchmarks from DSP and multimedia  applications demonstrate that our CRM architecture can significantly reduce the communication overhead compared to the  architecture without shared memory, while not requiring explicit data management.

 

Read the full text via this.

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